Research Areas

Biomedical engineers apply engineering principles and techniques to problems of a biological or medical origin, including: medical device development and engineering, medical instrumentation, surgical applications of electromagnetic fields, large scale integrated biosensors, medical imaging, image processing, signal processing, and many more. ECE biomedical faculty includes nationally known experts in bioheat transfer, biosensors, image and video processing, thermographic imaging, and thermal alteration of tissue structure.

This area involves research and design in the fields of networking, communications, signals, and systems. Analysis and synthesis of systems, and the processing of information for the purposes of identification, communication, control, and security. Linear and non-linear systems and modeling techniques. Analysis, simulation, and experimental research for a wide range of communications systems and applications, including: information theory, digital communications, wireless communications, digital signal processing, antennas and propagation, ad-hoc and sensor networks, queueing theory, stochastic processes, probability, networking control theory and active networks, optimization, nonlinear systems, estimation, and signal, image, and video processing.

Computer architecture is the study of the interface between the hardware and software in computer systems, ranging from supercomputers to servers to desktop computers to notebooks to handheld computers. The program of study emphasizes design tradeoffs in implementing those interfaces both in hardware and software. There are undergraduate, masters, and doctoral programs specializing in Computer Architecture and Embedded Processors.

Computer Engineering involves research and study in computer architecture, computer systems and networks, theory and design of digital systems, machine learning, and software engineering. Investigations include architecture design, parallel processing, neural networks, microprocessor-based systems, fault-tolerant computing, design for testability, computer-aided design, computer vision, VLSI system design, embedded systems, local area networks, and hardware/software co-design.

This area includes the study of wave propagation ranging from ultralow frequencies to microwaves. It involves investigations of electrical geophysics, antennas and scattering, radar target identification, wireless communications, microwave and millimeter-wave integrated circuits, and guided wave devices and systems. The activities in acoustics involve research in transducers, atmospheric and underwater acoustics, and noise and vibration control.

This area involves research in the production, distribution, and use of electric energy, such as electromechanical devices for pulsed power applications, advanced electrical machines, power system-related analyses, simulation of power systems, energy system economics and optimization, open-access transmission, energy efficiency and demand-side management, power system harmonics, power quality, and power electronics.

The Integrated Circuits and Systems Group (ICSG) is one of the most active circuit design groups in the country with a young and creative faculty who are world leaders in their respective fields. There are 10 full-time faculty in the area and many more adjuncts from industry. Research areas include digital, analog, mixed-signal, and RF CMOS ICs for a variety of applications, verification and testing techniques for analog, digital and RF ICs, CAD tools for design and analysis, and biochips, as well as interdisciplinary research projects.

This area emphasizes the application of computers, information sciences, and information systems to the development of equipment and software systems for manufacturing.  Specializations include integrated circuit manufacturing, electronic packaging manufacturing, and manufacturing automation and assembly.

This area involves research in plasma dynamics, optics, quantum-optic and photonic devices, and plasma processing of semiconductors. Plasma investigations include the design of plasma diagnostics, high-order spectral analysis of plasma waves, and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Research in quantum electronics includes optical systems, lasers and laser applications, optical signal processing, optoelectronic devices, and lightwave systems. Investigations include quantum transport studies of double barrier heterostructures, components for very-high-speed communications and computation, and high energy laser applications in materials synthesis and processing.

Software Engineering and Systems covers the complexity of software systems and requirements. In addition, research and study in this field addresses architecting, designing, building, testing, analyzing, evaluating, deploying, maintaining and evolving software systems.  Problems investigated include theory, techniques, methods, processes, tools, middleware, and environments for all types of software systems in all types of domains and applications.  

The Solid-State Electronics area (SSE) within Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) focuses on the development and improvement of electronic, optoelectronic and micro- and nano-electromechanical devices for a variety of applications. Device examples include transistors for nano-CMOS and post-CMOS logic, analog, and mix-signal applications; photodetectors, photodiodes and lasers, and optical interconnects for short- and long-range communication; chemical and biological sensors for medical and defense applications; and solar cells. Material systems include unstrained and strained "conventional" column IV and III-V semiconductors, organics and polymers, and novel materials such as graphene, as well as appropriate insulators such as silicon dioxide and high-dielectric-permittivity ("high-k") materials.